Corporations operate in much the same manner. First, like a paycheck, they generate cash from operating the business. This is called Operating Cash flow (OCF). From this, they subtract their Capital Expenditures. Capital expenditures are expenses for capital equipment and other physical property, like real estate. What’s left over is their free cash flow.
One of the required items was the business description. Within that section was to be a description of the competition. Easy. The reason I knew my idea was a winner was because there was very little competition in the immediate and surrounding area. I simply did a short write up describing those businesses and added a quick comparison showing how my idea differed from and improved upon those existing businesses.
If you’re planning to get financed by a bank for rehab projects, you will likely need to contact at least ten in your area until you find ones, so don’t be discouraged at first. Don’t waste your time with big banks. Instead focus on the small community banks. If you plan to get financing for rehab projects and real estate investing in general, you will first need to assemble a loan package which lenders will request. It should consist of your last two years personal tax returns, personal financial statement (that shows all your assets & liabilities), a business plan, a cash flow examples (if you currently own property), & a brief description about yourself and the project you are applying for financing on as a real estate investment.
You may not need to be an expert in Double-Entry accounting, but the person who is responsible for creating the financial statements better get pretty good at it. If that is you, go back through the book and focus on the ‘gray’ sheets. Study the examples and see how the Double-Entry method acts as a check and balance of your books.
Once you know the ratio, compare it for parallels with the other companies in the industries and for the market as a whole. Never forget, stocks with a very high p/e ratio can fall dramatically when even the littlest thing goes sour.
Dow Chemical Co. (DOW). As one of the largest owner of chemical plants, Dow would take a long time to depreciate its long term assets, right? Wrong. For fiscal year 2005, Dow incurred a depreciation cost of $ 2.08 Billion. Meanwhile, its total depreciable long term assets are at $ 17.1 Billion. This gives it a ‘mere’ 8.2 years to depreciate all its assets. Dow assumes that the plant lifetime is around 8.2 years. This implies that even if Dow plant is still running ten years from now, it has already been expensed for and Dow can regard the plant cost as ‘free’.
The Business plan is a written document that clearly and convincingly demonstrates that your business can sell enough of it products and services to make a satisfactory profit for yourself; provide sufficient profit to attract lenders and potential investors and finally to provide sufficient cash flow to service debt and pay investors. That is what business is all about.